Caribbean Culture and Biodiversity

Caribbean Culture and Biodiversity
Caribbean Culture and Biodiversity

The Caribbean region of Costa Rica is mostly comprised in the province of Limón. It covers the entire Caribbean coast, from the border with Nicaragua to the North to Panama to the South, and inland covers the entire Atlantic slope of the Cordillera Central. It is an area dominated by abrupt mountains, numerous rivers, extensive plains and 212 kilometers of coast, where various areas of life are located that range from coastal landscapes to sea level to 3,000 m above sea level, with a wide variety of microclimates and ecosystems, and consequently a high number of animal and plant species.

The Caribbean is a destination different from the rest of the country, because besides being a land endowed with abundant natural resources is also rich in human resources, highlighting its interesting ethnic and cultural diversity. The Afro-Antillean blacks, who first arrived during the colonial period to work in the cacao plantations, were joined by indigenous people who always lived in the region of Talamanca, Bribris and Cabécares, who still keep the flame of their culture alive.

This ethnic group preserves marked features of its Afro-English culture, such as the use of "Patua", known as Creole English, its architecture with marked Elizabethan influence, houses on pillars of striking colors, with open corridors. Its gastronomy, of the most exotic, is based on the use of natural products, fish and seafood cooked with vegetables from its own orchards, in secret recipes brought from Africa, based on coconut milk and spices. Its music, the Calypso, is kept alive thanks to local bands that liven up the evenings and cheer the hearts in the Caribbean towns.

Later came Europeans and Asians who completed a model of peaceful coexistence, with a marked respect for nature, encouraging the development of small tourism companies focused on a tourism centered on nature, with a high environmental and cultural commitment, oriented to sustainable development. In this region of the country a cosmopolitan culture has been forged, which today is an example for the rest of the world.

The climate of the Caribbean is pleasant, it maintains a thermal stability throughout the year, with more heat in the coastal zones, with a Very Humid Equatorial Climate Hot in the plains, with temperatures that oscillate between 28 and 37 degrees. In the high mountains there are very humid and rainy cold regimes, with low temperatures all year round with an average of 10 degrees, even reaching less than 0 degrees in the higher areas. It does not have a dry season, although in March-April and August-September, and sometimes October, there is a drop in precipitation.

From San José to the Caribbean you can access through Route 32, the road that crosses one of the most impressive and biodiverse National Parks in the world, Braulio Carrillo, a natural beast that will make you think of dinosaurs. After crossing these abrupt mountains appear the plains of Guápiles, meandering by the great rivers of the Atlantic slope, Chirripó, Pacuare and Reventazón, among others, optimal for the practice of rafting. On the coast you are welcomed by the colorful city of Limón, capital of the province. The road continues in the direction of the South Caribbean, towards towns like Cahuita, Puerto Viejo or Manzanillo, it is crossed towards Bribri, in the valleys of the Low Talamanca, and further south until the border with Panama.

The public bus network has a variety of schedules and routes to all major Caribbean destinations from the Grand Terminal of the Caribbean bus station in the city of San José. There are also buses of private transport departing from the main hotels of the capital and Arenal.

The access routes to the North Caribbean are aquatic, being able to embark in different ports, like the one of Moín in Limón, in the river the Suerte by Cariari, or in Caño Blanco. The most recommended route is from Moín to be the longest, more than 80 kilometers of aquatic adventure, sighting great diversity of flora and fauna in your route. There are also daily flights between San Jose and Tortuguero, in just over 30 minutes you will be at your destination.

The Caribbean of Costa Rica is a safe destination for the tourist, although it is important to take the basic precautions that we would take anywhere else. The Caribbean has an ingrained eco-tourist tradition and its people are very friendly and hospitable, it is the ideal destination for your vacations.

The Costa Rican Caribbean has tourist destinations of great appeal both inland and on the coast, in the South Caribbean stand out villages like Cahuita, Puerto Viejo and Manzanillo and other small communities like Cocles, Playa Chiquita and Punta Uva. In the central Caribbean is the city of Limón, capital of the Caribbean, and in the North Caribbean the exuberant Tortuguero, destinies of a must visit in your trip to the Caribbean.

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